An assault rifle is a automatic rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine. Assault rifles are the standard infantry weapons in most modern armies. Assault rifles are categorized in between light machine guns, which are intended more for sustained automatic fire in a light support role, and submachine guns, which fire a pistol cartridge rather than a rifle cartridge. Examples of assault rifles include the Kalashnikov family, the M16 rifle, Enfield SA80, Heckler & Koch G36, FN F2000, and the Steyr AUG.
G3A3 and G3P4: The automatic Rifle G3A3, cal. 7.62 mm x 51 NATO is a modern combat rifle combining the accuracy of a sniper rifle with the firepower of a machine gun. It is produced in accordance with the most advanced manufacturing methods. The rifle is designed for semi-automatic and fully automatic fire & can be fired from any shooting position. The G3A3 is recoil operated weapon with free floating barrel & delayed roller-locked bolt system and is fed from 20 round magazine. Telescope can be mounted on it.
AK47: The AK-47 is a selective-fire, gas-operated 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. It is officially known as Avtomat Kalashnikova. It is also known as a Kalashnikov, an “AK”, or in Russian slang, Kalash.
AK-103: The AK-103 is a modern, Russian-designed version of the famous AKM assault rifle, chambered for the 7.62×39mm M43 round. It combines the AKM design with developments from the AK-74 and AK-74M, with the use of plastics to replace metal or wooden components wherever possible to reduce overall weight. The AK-103 can be fitted with a variety of sights, including laser, night vision, and telescopic sights, plus a suppressor and the GP-25 grenade launcher.
Barrett REC7: The Barrett REC7 (designation stands for “reliability-enhanced carbine” 2007) is a M4-pattern rifle available in either 5.56 NATO or 6.8mm Remington SPC cartridge. The REC7 is manufactured by Barrett Firearms Company, who is best known for producing the M82 .50 caliber anti-materiel rifle. A round that is of roughly equivalent length to 5.56 mm ammunition. So it is compatible with a standard-size lower receiver currently in use by the United States military. According to Barrett, the new 6.8 mm round boasts 44% more stopping power than the 5.56 mm round and a longer effective range. The round has a slightly lower velocity than the 5.56 mm round; however Barrett claims it has 1.5 times the kinetic energy of the 5.56 mm round. The company claims that it is effective at five hundred meters and has a muzzle velocity of 2650 feet per second when fired from a 16 inch barrel.
Berretta ARX-160: The ARX-160 is an assault rifle manufactured by Pietro Beretta S.p.A.. Developed for the Italian armed forces as part of the Soldato Futuro (Future Soldier in English) program, the ARX-160 has been launched in the year 2008 as a commercial weapon system independent from the Soldato Futuro ensemble, complete with a companion single-shot 40mm NATO low-velocity grenade launcher, called GLX-160, which can be underslung to the rifle or used with an ad-hoc stock system as a stand-alone weapon.
Adaptive Combat Rifle: The Adaptive Combat Rifle (ACR) is the production name for an updated version of the Masada Adaptive Combat Weapon System. It is a patent pending self-loading rifle platform designed by Magpul Industries of Erie, Colorado. In late January 2008, Bushmaster entered into a licensing agreement with Magpul whereby Bushmaster would take over production, future development and sales of the Masada. Design features from the Armalite AR-18 (short-stroke gas system), the FN SCAR (upper receiver, charging handle location), the Heckler & Koch G36/XM8 (liberal use of polymer components), the M16/AR-15 (trigger pack), and the M16 (barrel, fire control group) are clearly present. The rifle also includes several features developed by Magpul, such as a quick-change barrel/trunnion system, adjustable gas regulator, non-reciprocating charging handle, and storage compartments located in the stock and grip.
CZ-805 BREN: The CZ 805 assault rifle was first introduced to the public in 2009, as a possible future replacement for the dated Sa vz. 58 assault rifle still in use by Armed Forces of Czech Republic. The CZ 805 assault rifle is a modular, multi-caliber design, with an aluminum alloy upper receiver and polymer lower receiver / fire control unit. The magazine housing is a separate detachable unit, which can be replaced in the field as part of a caliber change. The weapon is gas-operated and features a rotating bolt and a manual gas regulator. The CZ 805 also features quick-change barrels, allowing users to change calibers and barrel lengths according to the mission profile. There are short “carbine”, intermediate “standard”, long “marksman” and heavy “squad automatic” barrels available in each caliber. The Fire control unit includes ambidextrous safety/fire selector switch, which permits single shots, 2-round bursts and full automatic fire. Charging handle can also be installed on either side of the weapon, depending on user preferences. In standard configuration, the CZ 805 will use proprietary 5.56×45 caliber 30-round magazines made of translucent polymer. Other magazine housings will allow use of STANAG or HK G36 5.56mm magazines, as well as various 7.62x39mm and 6.8x43mm magazines.
Diseños Casanave SC-2005: The Desarrollos Industriales Casanave SC-2005 is a Peruvian proposed upgrade for the FN FAL. It is chambered in the 5.56 x 45 mm NATO round and is compatible with STANAG Magazines. The SC-2009-MWS or Modular Weapon System, is a top upgrade with picatinny rail Stanag 2324 system, and magazine-fed, selective fire firearms with a 3-position, equipped with a redesigned telescoping stock. While the SC-2009′s maneuverability makes it a candidate for non-infantry troops (vehicle crews, clerks and staff officers), it also makes it ideal for close quarter’s battle (CQB). The most recent model presented by this company is the designated SC-2010HPMWS Hi-Power Modular Weapon System, improvement of FAL 50-00 automatic rifle, in 7.62 x 51 mm NATO cartridge, with picatinny rail Stanag 2324 system, telescoping stock, and with special muzzle brake to supports the 7.62 mm powerful cartridge, significantly reducing the recoil in shot.
Emerk: The EMERK is a rifle currently in standard issue in Myanmar as the EMERK-1 and EMERK-3. The EMERK-1 is a 5.56x45mm bullpup rifle roughly based on the British L98 rifle with the same receiver. There are several variants of Emerk such as Emark1, 2 and 3. The EMERK-3 rifle is a GALIL rifle with fixed stock. It is also equipped with a BA-203 40mm grenade launcher, a slightly modified version of the American M203 grenade launcher, machineries to manufacture which were shipped to Burma from USA companies in violation of USA law. When mounted on the EMERK-3 rifle, this M203-lookalike grenade launcher features also a new barrel cover for the rifle, equipped with a grenade peep sight. The EMERK-3 rifle differs in one major way: it uses an AKM-type stamped sheet metal receiver as opposed to the milled Galil receiver. This will make the weapon lighter, like an AKM / AK 74M. In addition, the fire selector does not have the dreaded “AK clack”. The slab-sided, ventilated hand guard seems awkward. The MA-3 carbine is a shortened copy of the EMERK-3 rifle, with a folding metal buttstock. The barrel is shorter that the one of the EMERK-3 rifle, and the similarities with the GALIL are much more pronounced. The MA-3 features a ventilated hand guard. The EMERK-3 rifle and the MA-3 carbine feed from GALIL-style 30-round clips.
FAMAS: The FAMAS (French: Fusil d’Assaut de la Manufacture d’Armes de Saint-Étienne or “Assault rifle of the Saint-Étienne weapon factory”) is a bullpup-styled assault rifle designed and manufactured in France by MAS located in Saint-Étienne, which is now a member of the French government-owned Nexter group. It is the service rifle of the French military. The FAMAS project began in 1967 under the direction of Paul Tellie and the first prototype was completed in 1971, with French military evaluation of the rifle beginning in 1972. When production problems delayed the general issue of the new rifles, and with the 1978 Battle of Kolwezi showing the immediate need for a more modern weapon, the French Army began searching for a temporary rifle to fill this need until the FAMAS came into full production. The H&K 33 was considered, and a batch of 1200 examples were tested by Infantry, Airborne, Marines, Mechanized and Foreign troops, but it was ultimately turned down in favor of the SIG SG 540, built under license by Manurhin, until enough FAMAS rifles were produced to begin general issue. The French military finally accepted the rifle in 1978 as the standard French combat weapon.
FNF2000: The F2000 is a modular weapon system; its principal component is a compact 5.56×45mm NATO-caliber assault rifle configured in a bullpup layout. The F2000 is a selective fire weapon operating from a closed bolt. The rifle consists of two main assemblies: the barreled receiver group and the frame, coupled together by means of an axis pin located above the trigger guard. The barrel group has an integral MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail used to mount optical sights. The frame or lower receiver contains the trigger group, the bolt and bolt carrier assembly, return mechanism and magazine well. A removable handguard is installed in front of the trigger which completes and encloses the trigger guard.
Steyr AUG: The AUG, a bullpup 5.56mm assault rifle, is a selective fire weapon with a conventional gas piston operated action that fires from a closed bolt. Designed as a family of rifles that could be quickly adapted to a wide variety of roles with the change of the barrel to a desired length and profile, the AUG is a modular configuration rifle that employs a high level of polymer and advanced alloy components. The primary variant of the rifle, designated the AUG A1, consists of six main assemblies: the barrel, receiver with integrated telescopic sight, bolt and carrier, trigger mechanism, stock and magazine. The AUG uses the 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge and the standard 1:9 rifling twist will stabilize both SS109/M855 and M193 bullets. Some nations including Australia and New Zealand use a version with a 1:7 twist optimised for the SS109 NATO round.